A progressive disorder that causes deterioration in cognition, behavior, and an individual’s ability to care for themselves independently. A common cause of dementia, a general term for memory loss.
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
A condition that affects learning and includes deficits in attention, hyperactivity, or both.
Autism Spectrum Disorders
Developmental disorder affecting communication and behavior.
Growth of abnormal cells in the brain, which can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).
A general term that describes symptoms that are not associated with normal aging, including decline in cognition, change in behavior, or decline in functional abilities.
Most commonly include thyroid disease, growth disorder and other hormone related disorders.
Disorder in which nerve cell activity in the brain is disturbed, causing seizures.
Disorders that make it difficult to learn properly, including reading, writing and math. Higher level cognitive skills can also be affected, such as organization, time management/planning, abstract reasoning, memory and attention.
Disorders that cause seizures.
Brain injury caused by athletic activity.
Traumatic Brain Injury
Mild, moderate, or severe injury to the head causing a disruption in normal brain functioning.
Damage to the brain caused by an interruption of the blood supply.
A condition that causes damage to the protective covering that surrounds nerve fibers in your brain, optic nerves and spinal cord. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common demyelinating disease.
A decline in mental function caused by advanced HIV infection.